Knee brace: Which are the best? Selection guide
The knee is one of the most important joints of the human body and being very delicate, it risks being easily injured, especially that of athletes who practice activities constantly.
Depending on the type of injury, the use of a knee brace is important. Choosing the best brace for hikers knee according to your needs is up to your orthopaedist who, after examining the patient, will prescribe the one best suited to your pathology.
TYPES OF KNEE BRACES
Usually the brace is used in case of tendon inflammation, arthrosis, fractures, meniscus or cruciate ligament injuries and femur fracture.
There are many knee braces on the market, each of which has different characteristics.
They are made for athletes who need to protect the joint without inhibiting movement, for this reason they are made of neoprene, a very elastic material that does not disperse heat and is very resistant.
This brace is able to warm up thanks to a USB socket and is also equipped with a pocket in which to insert ice if cold therapy is needed. It is very versatile because it can be used in two different ways, depending on the needs and the type of therapy to be carried out.
These braces are equipped with tears that allow them to adapt according to the anatomy and swelling of the knee.
These braces are also adjustable, but are equipped with a zippered side brace and are suitable if you need to manage the knee excursion.
Patellar Tendon Compression Brace
It consists of a band that is applied under the kneecap in case of tendonitis. It reduces tendon tension and is particularly suitable for athletes who practice running, basketball or volleyball.
They help to better manage patella movements, avoiding lateral rubbing, which could cause knee inflammation.
They are braces that are used by patients waiting for a knee replacement or suffering from arthrosis.
Braces With Side Splints
These braces restrict movement and help to support the joint
Serious Accident Guards
These braces are designed for people who have suffered a serious injury and need a brace that provides stability and holds the knee firmly in place. They are used in case of injuries such as meniscus injuries, cruciate ligaments, dislocations and sprains.
This brace is used in case of cast or pre- and post-operative rehabilitation.
HOW TO CHOOSE THE BEST KNEE BRACE?
The search for the most suitable brace for your needs must be careful and it is always advisable to consult a physiotherapist or orthopaedist. It is important that the support and material of the knee brace is specific to your problem.
The material must be hypoallergenic because it will be in contact with the skin for a long time, it must also be resistant and breathable. You should also pay particular attention to choosing the right size: if, for example, the size is too large, there is a risk that you will not keep the correct position, while those that are too narrow may block circulation.
To be sure you are getting the right size, simply place one centimetre at three fingers above and below your kneecap to measure the exact circumference of your knee with your leg outstretched.
HOW TO WEAR THE BRACE
To wear a knee brace correctly, simply follow a few simple instructions:
Wear it While Sitting Down
To be worn, braces need the thigh muscles to be well relaxed, which is why it is important to sit and wear it with caution, because if you wear it standing up you could run the risk of losing your balance and falling, perhaps aggravating the situation.
Choose the Right Way
The upper part of the knee has a larger diameter than the lower one, therefore, by observing the brace, you will be able to understand which is the right direction. You will need to insert your foot into the larger area and slide it upwards. If you encounter problems during insertion, perhaps because the silicone in the brace does not slide the foot well inside the brace, it is advisable to use talcum powder to facilitate insertion.
Tighten the Strips
To properly wear a knee brace, it is advisable to first tighten the upper and lower straps to lock it in place and then tighten the intermediate straps. Elderly people usually have problems wearing braces, which is why they should always have someone next to them to help them wear them properly.
the guardian must adhere perfectly and contain but must not create problems or bother. If it tightens too tightly and makes the leg fall asleep, the size must be changed. The same applies if the brace is too large and tends to slip.